Monday, August 31, 2009

Budget: Review and Implementation

The programme on Budget: Review and Implementation was organized in the auditorium of Bihar Industries Association on March 27, 2009. It was jointly organized by VSSSESS, NCDHR, Bachpan Bachao Andolan, Voluntary Forum for Education, Action Aid, PRAXIS, Bihar Tribal Rights Unity Forum, Dalit Adhikar Manch, Wada Na Todo Abhiyan (Bihar), Hunger Free Bihar Campaign, Dalit Samanway. The purpose of the programme was to discuss the budget allocations and find out the shortcomings in the whole process of the budget allocations. Focus was also given on the scheduled caste sub plan and the fund mismanagement related to it and the necessary steps required to take up to address this issue. SCSP is the main focus of the NCDHR.

Pramod Kumar Singh, the Director of VSSSESS opened the session by introducing the guests and the issues to be discussed from the forum. He said that since long injustice has been done with Bihar as the budgetary allocation to the state has been made on miniscule level and as far as the budgetary allocation for the Dalits is concerned, the cases of mismanagement of funds have been reported on very large scale. This needs to be checked soon and better fund utilization needs to be ensured.

Ali Anwar, Member of Parliament, said that high value ideology no longer figure in the election manifestoes of the political parties. Mostly they revolve around emotional issues.

Concept of welfare state has been gradually weakening. Voices are being raised against subsidy. External as well as internal pressure are being exerted for the removal of the welfare schemes in the name of fiscal prudence.

Paul Diwakar, National Convenor of NCDHR presented strongly the case in favour of SCSP. He vehemently criticized the fund misutilization allocated for the Dalits under the SCSP. He presented his speech in English and to bring his message to the audience (which mostly consisted of the representatives of the NGOs based in the rural areas, apart from the intellectuals and the political leaders), Prof Daisy Narayan from Voluntary Forum for Education, translated his speech in Hindi. He said that so far Rs 19400 crores has been denied to the Dalits in India. In Bihar this alone stands at Rs 5970 crores. 2500 crores should have been allocated, but Rs 181 crores has been allocated. This way we can see how much fund has been denied to the Dalits. There are 1.30 crore population of the scheduled castes in the state. It means that Rs 10000 Per head should have been allocated. But the present status is that only Rs 698/- per family has been allocated. In such condition what can be imagined about real allocation?

There is need to form credible movement to demand our budget rights. Until and unless critical elements of poverty and caste based discrimination are abolished, we can’t hope for better.

There are many sectors which are driving the economy of nation like energy, construction, information technology etc. but the representation of the Dalits in these sectors is almost negligible.

He further said that capitalist development will take care of everything. This thinking has become pervaded in the capitalist as well as the socialist countries. But this has not happened. Recession has proved all this theory wrong.

There is great disparity in the issues related to the privileged and the deprived sections in India. For example the concept of health tourism has emerged in recent times, as such big hospitals equipped with the most modern facilities, but these only cater to the super rich and the health issues related to the poor like reproductive health are largely ignored. Also the question arises here why only the issue of reproductive health is raised in the name of women’s health?

He further said that most people lack access to the means necessary for the progress in life. Caste based discrimination is on the increase. He cited examples in support of his proposition from the budgetary allocations.

He particularly emphasised the point that only talk of SCP is not enough, rather there is need to launch an awareness campaign on this issue. Also there is the pressing need to change the attitude regarding the allocation for SCP.

Ashutosh Kumar Vishal, the National Coordinator, DA3 Project, NCDHR, made a power point presentation on SCSP. This proved very knowledgeable for the audience.

Mahendra Raushan said :We have been discussing since 11 am. The budget is not being prepared in the way in which it should have been prepared. This is some where related to the issue of injustice. We have to acknowledge that there are several reasons behind the issue of poverty. The critical issue is hunger. We talk of social security, medical and other facilities, but first of all we have to talk of hunger. We talk of budget allocation, but where this amount is going. We work in the village, where people are half fed, half clad. Their first priority is how to fill up their stomach. We are the producers, but we are exploited. We have the least expectation from the government that the life with dignity. In parliament 22889/- per minute in 2008, such big expenses. We see that the children are not going to the school. The money is not reaching in the villages, the budget is not being prepared according to the population, timely release of the money is lacking. Worse, the official apathy.

Since the budget is such a big issue, therefore, there should be a campaign to pressure the government, to make the people aware on the budget issue. How to raise the awareness of the people on the budget – this should be our priority issue. We need to take all the issue raised in this hall to the people in the rural areas. There should also be a declaration on the apart of the public along the line of the political parties.

We need to draw the attention of the political parties to this issue. We need to convert it into mass movement.

Bhola Prasad Singh suggested to make a separate meeting with the NGOs and the people concerned on all the issues concerned, so that we may reach on some conclusion. He also dwelt upon the problems in the wake of poor budgeting. He said that if the practice of good budgeting had been followed, India would have become very prosperous by now. But unfortunately the failings of the governance and also the corrupt practices prevalent in our time have contributed to the deviation from the goals envisaged in our constitution for the uplift of the poor and depressed classes.

Gauri, AIDMAM said that she has checked the condition of the hostels, their condition is plight. The fund release for the books and food and other arrangements is really apathetic. I need to draw the attention of the people as well as government so that they may look into the grievances of the SC.

Nilachal Acharya raised a very pertinent question: What the importance the budgets hold for the economically and socially poor and disadvantaged sections in the state? In fact in order to make people aware about the importance of the budget in the lives of the common people, there is the need to launch awareness campaign.

The programme ended with the lunch in the evening.


After the programme was over, the press conference was organized in the hall of Rajasthan Hotel. The reporters from almost every leading newspaper were present in the hall for the coverage of the event.

Sagarika Chowdhary,

State Coordinator, DA3,

NCDHR, Bihar.

NGO Industry interface on the issue of child trafficking

Trafficking of women and children is one of the gravest organized crimes extending beyond the boundaries and jurisdictions. Our own country, India has been identified as a source, transit and destination point in the international circuit; large numbers of children are also trafficked within the country. It is the modern form of slavery which not only affects the life of a human being but also the entire society. The UNODC, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, defines Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Combating and preventing human trafficking requires a holistic approach by all stakeholders and integrated action on prevention, protection and prosecution. Keeping this philosophy into mind, a Consultation Workshop with Corporate Sector on Building Public Private Partnership to Combat Human Trafficking , supported by the UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) was organized by ATSEC ,Bihar in collaboration with CII, Bihar at the Hotel Patliputra Ashoka, Patna on July 18, 2009. The dignitaries present on this occasion included Mr Vijendra Prasad Yadav, Honourable Minister, Industries , Govt of Bihar, Mr Ramdev Prasad, President, Child Labour Commission, Govt of Bihar, Mrs. Vidisha Pillai, programme coordinator, UNODC, Dr Mukhtarul Haque, the State Convenor, Bachpan Bachao Andolan, Bihar, Mr Satyajit Singh , Chairman, CII, Bihar State Council and many senior bureaucrats. This workshop also saw representation from media and various other NGOs.

Mr Y K Gautam, State Convenor , ATSEC, Bihar gave the welcome speech and introduced the subject and also explained the purpose of the workshop i.e. to develop a think tank on what should be and would be the role of corporate sector on checking human trafficking. He further explained that this workshop will not merely be a one stop gap affair, but more than that it will be a continuous affair to strive to achieve the dream of developing human trafficking free Bihar.

Mr Ramdev Prasad, the chairman, Child Labour commission, Govt of Bihar, speaking on the role of state child labour commission said that corporates have two faces: one committed to the social welfare and another, deeply involved in human trafficking. They earn huge amount of money through this invidious crime. It has international dimension. Recently flood in Bihar exacerbated human trafficking in Bihar. There has been a spontaneous increase in human trafficking, in particular of the children from Saharsa, Supaul, Araria, Purnia, Madhepura, Katihar, Sitamarhi and other flood affected districts. It is not difficult to see the large number of traffickers luring away children from the flood prone villages, relief camps, bus stations, and railway stations in these districts- all in the name of providing relief from this flood. It is deeply embedded in hunger, poverty, hunger for money, deprivations, decline of moral values in society- reflected in TV, cinema, literature. Highlighting the grave position of Bihar in this organized crime of human trafficking, he stated that Bihar stands at fourth place after Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. However in order to combat it, the government of Bihar has initiated several encouraging programmes including many welfare schemes, encouragement of girl education through various programmes, implementing the right to education earnestly, migration of labour under check etc.

Ashok Kumar Gupta, IPS, ADGP, Building Construction, Govt of Bihar had led several rescue operations during his vibrant career. NGOs and ATSEC participated in capacity building programmes launched by the state government. This collaboration had brought several gainful results, he informed. Several real life problems have been faced by the NGOs in the past in terms of fund scarcity for rehabilitation programmes, imparting training and marketing the products manufactured by them. The corporate world has a big role to play here through fund mobilization, retail chains, imparting knowledge skills, prevention, SWOT analysis, police investigation, rehabilitation and training of rescued women. Corporate Social Responsibility has not found as prominence and acceptance in India as this concept has found in the western countries and the USA. He asked for generating awareness about the implications and hazards and finding out the common ways to successfully address the issues of corporate partnership with the Social sector. He endorsed the trusteeship council given by Gandhiji and found this concept very relevant here. The corporate social responsibility is not a new concept for our society; we just need to take this concept forward. In addition, we need to bring all the responsible parties on the common platform with renewed energy to combat the heinous crime of human trafficking.

A film prepared by UNODC, ONE LIFE, NO PRICE, was live cast. The data and figures which came out of the film were mind boggling. Several measures were suggested in the film to combat the menace of the child trafficking.

Mr Masood Hasan, Director, Department of Social welfare, termed human trafficking as the biggest organized crime in the world. The problem highlighted by him in combating this organized crime is that there is no separate law exclusively to address it. He laid emphasis on creating awareness in the society so that the vulnerable sections of the society could be careful to the traps laid by the perpetrators of this heinous crime. He urged the different stake holders to come on a common platform in this campaign against human trafficking. He elaborated on the draft prepared the ASTITVA, a programme built to fight human trafficking.

Mr Satyajit Singh, Chairman, CII, Bihar State Council, extending his full commitment to fight against human trafficking came out with some innovative ideas to identity the silent victims of it and the means to rehabilitate them. He put a pilot project before the audience present there where around 100 children would be picked from the dhabas along the highways from Hajipur to Raxaul. Working with the local NGOs, these identified children would be brought under the rehabilitation programme and would be provided with relevant education. He proposed that every industry would adopt at least 5 children and take them to the logical end. In the second half of the meeting, he elaborated further on his this concept.

Mrs. Bidisha Pillai, Programme Coordinator, UNODC, New Delhi, expressed her shock to see the deteriorating scenario and insensitivity prevalent where the fellow human beings are treated as products that are purchased, sold and marketed. Among the most heinous crimes spread in the world includes human trafficking after arms and drugs trade. Elaborating on the methodology adopted by the UNODC to combat this crime, she said that the UNODC works on 3 Ps: prevention, protection and prosecution. The agenda of the UNODC includes creating awareness and inseminating relevant information towards the nature of the crime and the very unsuspecting traps laid by the perpetrators of the crime. She informed about the strong presence of the NGO society particularly in South Asia and asked for better and stronger coordination among them to come on a common platform to fight human trafficking which is taking global form. We need to bring the NGO society, various ministries and representatives from the corporate world together to formulate a think-tank in the joint fight against human trafficking, she said. Lauding the strong presence in the workshop from the various sectors, she expressed gratitude to Mr Gautam for being an anchor in organizing this workshop. She elaborated on the various ways in which the corporate world can extend helping hand to the victims of this organized crime like adoption of the various shelter homes to rehabilitate them and providing employment linked training to match the market requirement and absorbing them into industries once the training is over.

Mr M N Mandal, National Convener, ATSEC, India highlighted the magnitude of the gravity of this organized crime and various unseen dimensions of it. In his words, several factors like poverty, the scarcity of the livelihood means etc make the developing nations among the most vulnerable to this crime. ATSEC, India, right now working in 26 states is aligned with 561 NGOs within the country and 6 more countries are about to join it, he informed the audience. It also receives help from many organizations like UNICEF, UNODC, Save the Children etc. He put some light on the relevant statistical data to highlight the gravity of the crime and the insensitivity prevalent. He informed that around 30 lakh children and women are involved in prostitution and human trafficking. More shocking was the revelation that around 40% children below 18 years of age and around 60% from SC/ST/Backward castes are deeply involved in this crime. To combat it successfully, the public partnership models evolving different stages in all the states is the need of hour today. He put light on one more unknown and insensitive aspect of it that in many cases, the parents themselves refuse to accept the rescued children in the name of social stigma and we need strict legislation to prevent this trend as there is nothing like home where these children can get the much needed emotional support. He emphasized on creating more awareness and sensitivity at the district level to ensure successful fight against human trafficking. He also asked for initiating dialogues with the judiciary to combat it.

At this point of the workshop, Mr Gautam interjected to inform the present audience about the helplines being established by the government in fight against human trafficking.

Next in the schedule was the inaugural speech by Mr Vijendra Prasad Yadav, Honourable Minister, Industries, Govt of Bihar. He brought forward the mismatch between East and West in terms of resources, economic as well as manpower, as one of the significant factors responsible for the legitimate form of migration and illegitimate human trafficking. He linked it with burgeoning population and simultaneous lack of economic opportunities. He brought another face of the corporate world forward which is involved in generation of huge money through the inhuman trade of human trafficking. He also emphasized on the problems of poor record keeping, lack of correct figures and no surveys conducted hitherto as catalyst to this burgeoning monster of human trafficking. Lack of education, employment opportunities are among the most important factors responsible for encouraging this trade in Bihar. He also emphasized on the role of civil society in awareness generation.

At this point, Dr Suman expressed Vote of thanks and the audience dispersed for lunch after the end of the first session.

At the beginning of the session after lunch, Mr Vyas jee, Principal Secretary, Labour, Government of Bihar made a power point presentation- National Policy on Child Labour. He elaborated on the state plan of action, elimination, release and rehabilitation of the child labour in Bihar. He informed the present audience that Bihar is the first state to get the cabinet government sanction to this plan. He held poverty, illiteracy, economic deprivation, abundance of cheap labour etc responsible for the prevalence of child labour in the state. He also termed child labour as the output of the socio-economic milieu. He put forward this point that as long as poverty persists in the state, it would be difficult to eliminate the problem of child labour from roots., still based on recommendation of the Gurupadswamy Committee, for the time being, child labour was removed from the hazardous industries(16 occupations and 65 processes have been declared hazardous). He highlighted the statistical data to show the problem of child labour in Bihar. Around 8.9% of the total child labour in the country belongs to Bihar. Lack of regular survey to find the correct estimates of child labour is one of the hindrances to tackle this problem successfully, he added.

Mr Prabhat Kumar, Save the Children, made a brief but powerful presentation to highlight the ailments related to children and the problem of human trafficking in Bihar. Bihar is the source, destination and the transit point in the trade of human trafficking. Porous border, household poverty, frequent floods, socio cultural beliefs related to child labour, lack of birth registration etc make Bihar more vulnerable to the curse of human trafficking. The bigger challenges posed to the state govt to combat it includes more proactive ness of the states, roles of the corporate world and addressing the issue of rehabilitation to the victims, he added.

Dr P M Nair, IPS, made a very positive strong and solution oriented approach to the problem of human trafficking. He emphasized on the ways the corporate worlds could be helpful in combating this crime and in rehabilitating the victims. Mr Nair has always been a strong presence in the fight against human trafficking and he has participated in several rescue operations, too. Laying down the significance of the public private partnership in this fight against human trafficking, he cited the example of a book, Best practices by NGOs on anti human trafficking, where out of 43 cases, 23 exemplify the public private partnership. He welcomed the creation of the think tank to combat this organized and laid simultaneous emphasis on the conversion of ideas into action. He cited the various facets of human trafficking in form of recruitment and trafficking for militancy as has been found in Chhattisgarh. He also cautioned the agencies involved in the rescue operations about protecting the identity of the rescued children and women to prevent unnecessary infiltration into their privacy by the media and society. He cited the example of Green Police in Kolkata to show the successful rehabilitation programme of the rescued women from the clutches of the perpetrators of this heinous crime. He also provided a very realistic idea of setting up residential schools away from the areas of habitation with the cooperation of the corporate world. He also emphasized on the other means how the corporate world could be instrumental in providing safety net to the vulnerable sections of the society to human trafficking. He also emphasized the role of corporate in providing employment oriented training to the rescued children and women and then absorbing them in works suited to the skills acquired by them.

Mr Krishnendu Datta, Principal, APEC , focusing on the garment industry, laid emphasis on Apparel Training and Design Centre which would provide short term training of 3-4 months to the children and women. This initiative would open the doors for gainful employment to them and for better livelihood. He said that with all probability, this centre would start from December, 2009 in the ground floor of Udyog Bhawan, Patna. In the initial phase, 2-3 batches comprising of 60-70 students would be started and later this centre would be shifted to the industrial area of Patna, he added.

Emphasizing on the past commitments of Tata Steel in the social service and Corporate Social Responsibility, Mrs. Pushpaji, Tata Steel, reinforced the commitment of the company to extend all the help to the NGOs to address the issue of human trafficking and rehabilitation of the victims. Similar words of commitment were extended by the representatives from other industries.

Before the end of the session for the day, discussion on the role of the stakeholders and the current market needs took place. The workshop ended on the high note with the corporate world promising all sorts of cooperation from it to combat this global fight against human trafficking. This workshop proved to be very successful as it highlighted problem of human trafficking with all sensitivity and reinforced the commitment of the corporate world in fight against it. It found the representation from various NGOs and industries.

contact details of the NGOs in Bihar

(Advocacy for Alternatives Sexuality Reproductive Health & AIDS)

AASRA Charitable Trust
Opp Heena Beauty parlour
Road no 6, Rajiv Nagar
Patna 800 024
Phone number: 2551049
Chief Co-ordinator: Frank Krishner
Add. of Correspondence:Post Box 3
Patliputra P.O.
Patna 800 013

Actionaid / Praxis
12,Patliputra Colony,
Patna -800013.
Telephone - 0612-262027/267557

2/30, State Bank colony II,
Bailey rd.
Contact Person: Ms. Viji Srinivasan,M D

Alternative for India Development
B16 TRF Housing Colony
Phone: 0657 494361

contact person: Amit Kumar

Asian Development Research Institute(ADRI)
BSIDC Colony,
Off Boring - Patliputra Road,
Patna -800013.
Telephone - 0612-265649

Assert Institute of Management Studies
143-D, S.K.Puri
Patna - 800001
Bihar, India
Contact Person : Prof. Tribhuvan Sinha, Secretary
Telephone(s) :91-612-223942
Facsimile :91-612-223942


1E/100, New Patliputra Colony
Pin- 800013
Phone: 0612-2276735, 2276991

Center for Action Research & Development Initiative(CARDI)
Road no.13 'B' , Rajendra Nagar,
Patna -800016.
Telephone - 0612-664531
e.mail: cardi@
Web site:

Centre for Planning Development & Science,
Pustak Bhandar compound,

G.M.Road, PATNA-800 004
Phone: 91-612-667536/672958
Fax: 91-33-287 1538
Email: sgreach
Contact person:Sitasaran Singh

Centre for Women's Development Studies(CWDS,Bihar)
Dr. Janaki Sinha
E-9, Sadhanapuri
6-D Gardanibag
Telephone: 91-0612-232228

24 hour emergency service for children in distress
Phone number (toll free) 1098
Contact person:Indu Shekhar

State Resource Centre for A E
Budha Colony,
Patna - 800001
Bihar, India
Contact Person : Mr. Narendra Bam, Director
Telephone(s) : 91-612-234542 , 91-612-224181
Facsimile : 91-612-234542

Equity Foundation- A Forum for Women & Child
123-A Pataliputra Colony
Patna- 800023
Contact Person :Nina Srivastava, Executive Director
Phone: 09334129755, 0612-2292555

Family Planning Association of India(FPAI,Patna branch)
C/O Mr. K.K. Singh
Opp. Maheshwar Kunj Apt., Ram Suchit Mishra
Lane,East Boring Canal Road
Patna - 800001
Bihar, India
Contact Person: Dr. Rajendrapati Tripathi, Hony. Secretary
Telephone(s) : 91-612-235996

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By Dr arvind, Section Biharbrains Community
Posted on Fri Jun 06, 2008 at 02:01:22 AM EST

Integrated Development Foundation
Opp. Shyamal Hospital
Shyam Nagar,Maurya Path, Khajpura
Patna - 800014
Bihar, India
Contact Person : Mr. Manoj Kumar Verma, Director
Telephone(s) : 91-612-288682
e-mail :

Jago Behan
Contact Person: Dr. Shanti Ojha

Contact Person: Prabhakar K. Sinha

Sudama Bhawan
Boring Road

Tel/fax No.- 0612-2570705,2577589
Contact Person: Arbind Singh, Executive Director

Notre Dame Communication Centre (NDCC)
P.O. Pataliputra
Patna - 800013
Bihar, India
Contact Person : Sister Jyosita SND Chemplany, Director
Telephone(s) : 91-612-266332 , 91-612-260111
Facsimile : 91-612-266552

5D/9, Anjali, Opp AN College
North S.K Puri
Patna 13
Phone: 0612 272429
Contact Person: Mr R S Pandey
E-Mail :

Samajik Shaikshanik Vikas Kendra ( SSVK )
J P gram ,Balbhadrapur
Jhanjharpur ( r.s )
District- Madhubani
Pin- 847403.
Phone- 91-6273-22416 / 91-612-210476
Contact Person :Deepak Bharti,Secretary
Web site:

Society for Rural Industrialisation (SRI)
146, H.B. Road
Ranchi - 834001
Bihar, India
Contact Person: Dr. Ajay Kumar Basu, Chairman
Telephone(s) : 91-651-305574 , 91-651-540668
Facsimile : 91-651-315065

Tarumitra Ashram
Digha ghat
Patna-800 011
Phone: (612)266947
Fax 612 227903
Contact Person: R. Athickal, Co-ordinator, Tarumitra

1/42 Vivekanand Marg,
North Sri Krishna Puri
Patna 800 013
Ph - 0612 268253
Fax - 268253
Contact Person - Sandeep K. Jha
Email -

Young men's Christian Association, Ranchi (YMCA)
Old Hazaribagh Road
Ranchi - 834001
Bihar, India
Contact Person: Mr. Nityanand Naik, General Secretary
Telephone(s) : 91-651-201720 , 91-651-316508
Facsimile : 91-651-202471

Source:, NGOs Working in Bihar